Classification of commercial real estate

Classification of commercial real estate

One of the most active in the commercial real estate market is the office segment.

This segment is divided into three categories:

  • professional office space
  • semiprofessional offices
  • Apartment offices

To professional office space include a business center or office centers of class “A”, “B”, “C”.By semi-office locations include facilities in nonresidential buildings. Housing offices – apartments on the lower floors of the houses.

Class “A” – the most prestigious premises are located in the new office complexes and business centers in the city. These buildings have the highest level of service, “smart” buildings that provide full optimization and automation of all life-support systems, deployed a centralized infrastructure to ensure tenant office equipment, optical fiber communication, reception, meeting rooms, public service facilities and recreation. All this is contained in a perfect condition. Building to ensure its own security services, management and maintenance, and secure underground parking. This class involves a modern open plan, expensive finishes, ceilings and more.

Class “B” – this is the room with almost the same features as the offices of class “A”. They may be new or newly renovated buildings with the necessary utilities. They may not have central air conditioning. These offices are not as prestigious and the range of services is not as wide – parking, for example, usually located outdoors. This class also includes Class “A” after 5-7 years of operation, the reconstructed and refurbished old mansion, located in the city center.

Class “C” – this is the room usually rented at a research institute or industrial enterprise. Sometimes referred to as “Soviet.” Last renovated in them can be made ??over 10 years ago using available at that time material. In this room there is usually no modern connection, central air conditioning, ventilation system – the usual, and toilet in the corridor. Basically is a recent office buildings that are not in the center of the city, but at the intersection of transport routes, close to metro and major radial highways. Class “C” implies a modest set of services: telephone, Internet access available.

Offices of class “D” – office space in buildings with outdated utilities, hardwood floors, a lack of specialized services of life support.Typically, these facilities need to overhaul.

Class “E” – space in buildings not equipped for offices and require reconstruction. It can be converted basement and basement, apartments in residential buildings, sometimes with a separate entrance and parking for 2-4 cars. Provided an excellent location, repair of the European class, equipment quality furniture and office equipment such offices can compete with higher-end offices.

Class “A”. Office Building Class “A” must meet 16 requirements and points: 10 of the required and at least 6 of the extra.

Class “B”. Office Building Class “B” must meet the 13th paragraph with at least 7 out of which must be one of the binding.

Class “C”. Office Building Class “C” must meet the 7 points and requirements at least five of which must be one of the binding.


10 mandatory requirements:

1. Location in the central business district of the city or in other existing areas of the city, close to transportation.

2. Professional management of the building with a transparent accounting system and the system of “open book” to account for the operating costs, distribution and reimbursement.

3. A separate, clearly marked entrance to the office building to the lobby.

4. Clear ceiling height of at least 2.7 m on at least 90% of the use of office space.

5. Secure parking (excluding spontaneous street parking) within the building or adjacent to the building site of not less than 1 car per 100 sqm leased (sold) areas.

6. Energy, at least 50 W per 1 sq. km. square meters, with full coverage and the connected equipment, and electricity or by 1 category, or by diesel generators.

7. Heating, ventilation and air-conditioning: at least 2-pipe (1 unit) with individual temperature control for each tenant, provides four air changes per hour (fresh air).

8. Open floor plan areas with a grid of columns, providing the flexibility of redevelopment.

9. Fiber optic digital telephone lines, ISDN, Internet services in the building.

10. Coefficient of the common areas, subject to the payment of not more than 12%.


10 additional requirements:

1. Exit the building facade to the street (marked frontal location on the street.)

2. Rational distance between windows in which at least 95% of the used space is within 10 meters from the source of natural light (windows or atrium).

3. Minimum floor area – 500 square meters. m

4. The average distance between the outer wall and the inner boundary of the areas used shall not exceed 10 m

5. Connectivity and communication systems anywhere thanks to raised floors, communication channels under the floor or warps space around the perimeter.

6. The average waiting time at peak lift a maximum of 30 seconds. (After the call).

7. Location near subway stations or bus stops.

8. Point of catering to employees inside the building or at a short distance from the building

9. Permissible floor load – 450 kg / sq. m

10. Lighting office space – not less than 400 lux at the working surface.